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UBS returns to profit as wealth, investment bank drive beat

Bloomberg
Bloomberg • 4 min read
UBS returns to profit as wealth, investment bank drive beat
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UBS Returns to Profit as CEO Ermotti Affirms Buyback Plans

UBS Group AG returned to profit after two loss-making quarters, cementing sustained progress in the integration of Credit Suisse after its emergency rescue last year. 

The Zurich-based bank said net income in the first quarter was US$1.8 billion, three times what analysts forecast. While accounting effects related to the takeover represented a large part of the beat, strong performance in managing wealth and investment banking aided the result.

UBS surged after the release, up 9% as of 11:40 a.m. in Zurich, the largest increase since March 21 2023, just after the takeover deal.

The quarter’s outcome gives some breathing room to UBS Chief Executive Officer Sergio Ermotti, as he grapples with the Swiss government’s initiative to force the bank to maintain as much as US$20 billion in extra capital. Ermotti used the results to underline that investors can still expect payouts to resume this year even amid tougher regulatory demands on multiple fronts. 

“We also see good momentum with clients, with inflows across our businesses, and our capital is strong, allowing us to continue to pursue our capital return plans,” Ermotti said in an interview with Bloomberg Television’s Francine Lacqua on Tuesday. UBS has said it intends to buy back around US$2 billion of shares over the next two years.

See also: DBS aiming for $500 billion in wealth AUM by end of 2026: Reuters

The bank is targeting the completion of the legal merger with Credit Suisse by May 31, Ermotti said. With the run-down of unwanted Credit Suisse assets proceeding apace, attention will soon turn to migrating Credit Suisse clients on to UBS platforms, Ermotti said in a call with analysts.  

A big boost to the performance came from a continued revaluation of the assets and liabilities UBS bought as part of the Credit Suisse takeover last year. The bank also booked a US$272 million gain in the unit dedicated to winding down Credit Suisse businesses, related to the sale of assets to Apollo Global Management Inc. 

Excluding such effects, “the key operating divisions only mildly outperformed,” analysts at KBW including Thomas Hallett wrote in a note. “This being said, we do not envisage any major declines to group earnings which have been a key theme in the previous quarters.”

See also: Asia’s family office frenzy comes with plenty of imposters

In its outlook, UBS signaled that the turning central-bank rate environment is beginning to impact earnings from lending. Partly as a result, the bank expects net interest income declines in wealth management and personal and corporate banking.

On the integration, UBS said it had realized about US$1 billion in cost savings in the first quarter and was targeting another US$1.5 billion by the end of 2024. 

Revenue in the wealth management unit rose to a reported US$6.1 billion in the quarter, from US$5.6 billion at the end of December. The bank said that the Americas, Switzerland and Asia-Pacific in particular drove the result. 

UBS’s investment bank posted before-tax profit of about US$555 million, compared with analyst estimates for US$398 million. Revenue at the investment bank’s unit that houses advisory as well as debt and equity capital markets services rose 52% from a year earlier. 

The investment bank shone in particular in the Americas, which doubled its market share in the global banking business, UBS said. That unit has now fully integrated its Credit Suisse counterpart, the bank said. 

Personal and corporate banking posted profit before tax of US$859 million, while asset management delivered US$111 million, the latter below estimates. 

Ermotti sought to deflect calls for clarity on the ongoing debate within Switzerland about UBS’s upcoming capital requirements. Last month the Swiss Federal Council said it wants systemically-important banks to hold significantly more capital against their foreign units to protect against future risks. That primarily applies to UBS, and could translate into a jump of as much as US$20 billion. 

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Yet the regulations are unlikely to be fully formulated until later next year and come into effect in 2026 at the earliest. 

Ermotti said that it is “premature” to speculate or comment on the potential impact of the Swiss banking reforms. UBS will need to see the full picture to respond, he said, as the bank was not involved in the consultation process leading to the proposals. 

The bank said its CET1 ratio, a measure of capital strength, was 14.8% at the end of the quarter. 

Separately to that discussion, UBS is already adding some US$20 billion in extra capital as a result of the acquisition of Credit Suisse and the full phase-in of the Basel III banking regulations, Ermotti said. 

With around US$200 billion in total loss absorbing capacity, investors “bear the significant costs and risks to ensure taxpayers would not suffer in the highly unlikely scenario that a major systemic event affects UBS,” Ermotti said.

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