The 18 finalists of the Cartier Women’s Initiative Awards have found solutions for future generations.

SINGAPORE (Apr 9): When nature calls, we head for the nearest loo without a second thought. But in some parts of the world, proper toilets are a rare commodity and women suffer most because of that. Often, they make do with holein- the-ground toilets that lack basic sanitation. As a result, they fall prey to disease and sometimes, even death.

To solve this problem, Diana Yousef (left) from the US has come up with change: WATER Labs — portable evaporative toilets that require no electricity or plumbing. They work by evaporating the 90% to 95% of water that makes up human waste.

A polymer membrane is used to soak up this liquid content and accelerate its evaporation, leaving behind dried solids that are safely contained inside the membrane. The vapours released in the process condense as pure clean water. The toilet does not need a tank, sewerage pipes or a power source to function. These off-grid toilets only need to be serviced once or twice monthly.

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