(July 31): Actively managed funds posted outflows of US$92.3 billion ($125 billion) last year, according to fund data provider Morningstar, while index funds brought in US$625.2 billion. Their low fees have made index funds popular even as active funds have struggled to consistently outperform benchmark indices. And as robo-advisers go mainstream, ETFs are likely to make up an increasingly large proportion of investors’ portfolios.

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