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Japan's finance minister Suzuki says currency intervention had some effect

Bloomberg • 3 min read
Japan's finance minister Suzuki says currency intervention had some effect
Japan's finance minister Shunichi Suzuki. Photo: Bloomberg
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Japan’s finance minister defended the government’s record intervention in the currency market in his first acknowledgment of the action.  

“We intervened in the market to counter excessive foreign exchange (FX) moves, which were driven by speculation,” finance minister Shunichi Suzuki told reporters Tuesday. “From that standpoint, we believe that it had a certain effect.

Suzuki’s remarks were the first from any official after his ministry disclosed figures Friday that indicate it spent JPY9.8 trillion ($84.81 billion) to prop up the yen between April 26 and May 29. 

The currency remains stronger than it was when the two interventions are thought to have occurred, with its weakest point then at 160.17 to the US dollar, compared with around 156.40 in afternoon trading in Tokyo on Tuesday. Officials have remained silent on the exact timing.

After briefly weakening past 160 to the US dollar for the first time in more than 30 years, the yen surged by more than five yen per US dollar on April 29. That was followed by a jump in the yen from around 157.52 to 153.04 in New York trading on May 1.

“It is not known whether the yen would have stopped weakening at 160 yen to the US dollar without the intervention, so it must be said that it was effective,” said Yukio Ishizuki, senior currency strategist at Daiwa Securities Co. “There is no easy answer.”

See also: Japan’s GPIF loses status as world’s biggest pension fund

Japanese officials tend to remain silent on whether they stepped into the market in the immediate aftermath of a big move as part of their strategy to keep market participants guessing, which can make traders more wary about pushing currencies beyond key thresholds.

“The effect of intervention is not to push the yen up,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief currency strategist at Mizuho Securities Co. “If Japan had not done so, the yen might have weakened to 170 or so, but because of the action, it has stayed at the current level.”

See also: Japan consumer stocks to get boost as wage increases kick in

The yen is expected to stay under pressure due to the wide gap between interest rates in Japan and the US, with Japan’s short-term rate just 0.1% compared with the Fed’s 5.5%. While the BOJ is expected to raise interest rates in coming months, forecasts for Fed rate cuts have receded recently as the US economy continues to hum along.

“I’m sceptical about the sustainability of the effect, as it does not have the power to change fundamentals,” Jun Kato, chief market analyst at Shinkin Asset Management Co., said of intervention. “The authorities are stalling things by demonstrating their intentions while they wait for a slowdown in the US economy and lower inflation.”

Japan funds its intervention to buy yen by selling from its foreign currency reserves. Figures for the end of April showed the nation had US$1.14 trillion ($1.54 trillion) in those reserves, suggesting Tokyo still has plenty of firepower to take on the yen bears. 

“The government will continue to closely monitor developments in the foreign exchange market and take all possible measures,” Suzuki said, reiterating a standard warning with regards to excessive currency volatility.

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